Difference between revisions of "Pierre de Manchicourt"

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*{{NoCo|Ne reminiscaris|Ne reminiscaris Domine}} 4vv
 
*{{NoCo|Ne reminiscaris|Ne reminiscaris Domine}} 4vv
 
*{{NoCo|Non conturbetur cor vestrum}} 4vv (2.p. Ego rogabo Patrem meum) — <small>attributed to [[Maître Gosse]] in earlier sources</small>
 
*{{NoCo|Non conturbetur cor vestrum}} 4vv (2.p. Ego rogabo Patrem meum) — <small>attributed to [[Maître Gosse]] in earlier sources</small>
*[[O bone Jesu (Anonymous)|''O bone Jesu, salvator mundi'']] 4vv — <small>''‘incertus autor’'' in its [[Ecclesiasticarum cantionum quatuor vocum, liber 4|original source]]</small>  
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*{{NoCo|O bone Jesu|O bone Jesu, salvator mundi}} 4vv — <small>''‘incertus autor’'' in its [[Ecclesiasticarum cantionum quatuor vocum, liber 4|original source]]</small>  
 
*{{NoCo|O crux splendidior}} 5vv (2.p. Nobile lignum exalta)
 
*{{NoCo|O crux splendidior}} 5vv (2.p. Nobile lignum exalta)
 
*O crux viride lignum 5vv (2.p. Salus omnium populorum)
 
*O crux viride lignum 5vv (2.p. Salus omnium populorum)

Revision as of 05:11, 12 October 2019

Aliases: Mancicourt, Manchicurti

Life

Born: c. 1510, Béthune

Died: 5 October 1564, Madrid

Biography

Few records of Manchicourt's life survive: information about his life and work is obtained primarily from publications of his works. The earliest known information indicates that in 1525 he was a choirboy at Arras. By 1539, he was provost at the cathedral in Tours, where he would have had access to a considerable library of the works of the great master, and previous incumbent, Johannes Ockeghem. For at least nine years, from 1545 to 1554, he held the post of maître de chapelle at Nôtre-Dame Cathedral in Tournai. On the death of the incumbent, Nicolas Payen, in 1559, Manchicourt was appointed maestro de capilla flamenca (master of the Flemish chapel) at the court of Philip II in Madrid, which post he held until his death five years later.

The fact that Pierre Attaingnant, publisher of the French Royal Court, devoted his fourteenth and final volume of motets in 1539 entirely to Manchicourt's work (an honour he bestowed on no other, and emulated by Flemish publishers Susato and Phalèse in 1545 and 1554 respectively) bears testament to the composer's reputation in his day. Around the time of his death, Manchicourt's highly polyphonic style of composition rapidly went out of fashion — a fate shared with his contemporaries Nicolas Gombert, Jacobus Clemens and Thomas Crecquillon — as the liturgical reforms of the Council of Trent took hold, marking the transition from the High Renaissance to the less florid Late-Renaissance style of Victoria and Palestrina.

View the Wikipedia article on Pierre de Manchicourt.

List of choral works

Sacred works

Manchicourt’s sacred works appear in more than fifty printed collections and at least twenty hand-copied manuscripts, dating from 1532 through to the late 16th century. His surviving sacred output consists of nineteen masses, a mass section, a Magnificat, 71 Latin motets (of which one has doubtful attribution and two have conflicting attribution), and two chansons spirituelles. A further nine sacred works — polychoral psalm settings — are contained in a degraded manuscript in Zaragoza whose contents are not documented.

Masses, mass section, Magnificat

  • Missa Ceste une dure departie 4vv — on Sermisy’s chanson
  • Missa Congratulamini 4/6vv — on an unidentified model
  • Missa Cuidez vous que Dieu 5/6vv — on Richafort’s chanson
  • Missa de Domina Virgine Maria 4/5vv — paraphrase on Mass IV, IX as in Liber Usualis
  • Missa de Requiem 5vv
  • Missa De retourner 4vv — on an anonymous chanson in Attaingnant, RISM [c.1528]6
  • Missa Deus in adjutorium 4/5vv — on Sermisy’s motet
  • Missa Ego flos campi 4vv — on Le Heurteur’s motet
  • Missa Gris et tannet 4/5vv — on Sermisy’s chanson
  • Missa Nisi Dominus 4/5vv — on L’Héritier’s motet
  • Missa Noe, noe 4/6vv — on Mouton’s motet
  • Missa Non conturbetur cor vestrum 4/5vv — on his own or Gosse’s motet
  • Missa Povre cuer 4vv — on an anonymous chanson in Attaingnant, RISM 15284
  • Missa Quo abiit dilectus tuus 4/5vv — on his own motet
  • Missa Reges terrae (1st setting) 4/5vv — [E-Mo 768, c.1545–55] on Mouton’s motet
  • Missa Reges terrae (2nd setting) 6vv — [B-Bcx 27087, c.1549] on his own motet
  • Missa Se dire je losoie 4/5vv — on Gombert’s chanson
  • Missa Surge et illuminare 4/5vv — mass for Epiphany, on an unidentified motet
  • Missa Veni Sancte Spiritus 6vv — paraphrase of the Sequence for Pentecost
  • Domine Deus 2vv
  • Magnificat secundi toni 4/5vv

Latin sacred motets

  • Ne derelinquas me Domini 4vv (2.p. Propterea confitebor tibi Domine)
  • Ne reminiscaris Domine 4vv
  • Non conturbetur cor vestrum 4vv (2.p. Ego rogabo Patrem meum) — attributed to Maître Gosse in earlier sources
  • O bone Jesu, salvator mundi 4vv — ‘incertus autor’ in its original source
  • O crux splendidior 5vv (2.p. Nobile lignum exalta)
  • O crux viride lignum 5vv (2.p. Salus omnium populorum)
  • O Emmanuel …Rex et legifer noster 4vv
  • O intemerata 4vv (2.p. O virgo gloriosa)
  • O Thoma didyme …per Christum meruisti tangere 5vv
  • O Virgo Virginum …quomodo fiet istud 6vv
  • Osculetur me 6vv (2.p. Trahe me post te)
  • Paratum cor meum 4vv (2.p. Exaltare in virtute)
  • Pater peccavi I 5vv (2.p. Quanti mercenarii) [Susato, 1546]
  • Pater peccavi II 4vv (2.p. Quanti mercenarii) [Berg (Montanus) & Neuber, 1546]
  • Peccantem me quotidie 4vv (2.p. Commissa mea pavesco)
  • Peccata mea, Domine 5vv (2.p. Quoniam iniquitatem)
  • Proba me, Domine 4vv (2.p. Respice in me, Deus)
  • Puer qui natus est 5vv (2.p. Hic praecursor dilectus)
  • Quae est ista 6vv (2.p. Ista est speciosa)
  • Quo abiit dilectus tuus 4vv (2.p. Qualis est dilectus tuus)
  • Quousque Domine 5vv (2.p. Et ne negligas)
  • Recordare Domine testamenti 5vv (2.p. Quiescat Domine ira tua)
  • Reges terrae congregati sunt 6vv (2.p. Et venientes invenerunt)
  • Regina caeli laetare 6vv (2.p. Resurrexit, sicut dixit)
  • Salva nos, Christe salvator 8vv (2.p. Dulce lignum, dulces clavos) — contrafactum of Vidi speciosam
  • Si bona suscepimus 5vv (2.p. Tribularer si nescirem)
  • Super montem excelsum 4vv (2.p. Judaea et Jerusalem)
  • Sustinuimus pacem 6vv (2.p. Nos alium Deum nescimus)
  • Tanto tempore vobiscum sum 5vv (2.p. Si cognovissetis me)
  • Tota pulchra es 6vv (2.p. Flores apparuerunt)
  • Usquequo piger dormies 4vv (2.p. Vade ad formicam)
  • Veniat dilectus meus 6vv (2.p. Qualis est dilectus tuus)
  • Vere Dominus est in loco isto 5vv (2.p. Haec est domus Domini)
  • Vias tuas Domine demonstra mihi 4vv (2.p. Eripe me de inimicis meis)
  • Vidi speciosam 8vv (2.p. Quae est ista)

Chansons spirituelles

These two chansons, published in one source as two parts of a single work, are a French paraphrase of Psalm 130:

Summary of sacred works available at CPDL (listed automatically)

Secular works

Manchicourt's surviving secular output includes three dedicatory motets, and fifty French chansons that appear in at least sixteen publications (including one devoted entirely to Manchicourt's works).

Latin dedicatory motets

  • Nunc enim si centum 4vv (2.p. Ne dubitatis; 3.p. Innumeras unus) – in praise of Charles V
  • Nil pace est melius 5vv (2.p. Vive igitur felix) – in celebration of a treaty restoring possessions to Duke Moritz of Saxony
  • O decus, o patrie lux 5vv (2.p. Salve, pontificum) — in praise of Cardinal Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, patron of the arts, to whom Manchicourt dedicated his 1554 volume of motets

Chansons

Summary of secular works available at CPDL (listed automatically)


Click here to search for this composer on CPDL

Publications

Three of the pre-eminent publishers of the mid-16th century each devoted one of their volumes solely to Manchicourt’s works:

Two manuscripts that contain only Manchicourt’s works are held in the library of the Benedictine monastery in Montserrat, Catalunya:

  • Montserrat, Biblioteca del Monestir, MS 768 (Douze messe musicales composees par M.P. de Manchicourt) (Brussels, c.1545–55), from the court of Mary of Hungary (daughter of Philip the Fair and Juana of Spain, and Regent of the Netherlands 1531–55), contains twelve of his nineteen masses
  • Montserrat, Biblioteca del Monestir, MS 772 (Liber quatuor missarum musicalium nec non aliquot carminum ecclesiasticorum Petre de Manchicourt…) (Madrid, c.1560), possibly copied by the composer himself during his tenure in the Court of Philip II, contains four masses, one 6vv motet, seven 5vv motets and three 4vv motets

Manchicourt's works also appear in the following printed collections catalogued at CPDL:

External links

Works by Pierre de Manchicourt in the Petrucci Music Library (IMSLP)